Theory of Knowledge

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Theory of Knowledge (ToK) is a philosophical course that aims to engage students to identify which of the 8 Ways of Knowing they use to acquire and demonstrate their learning, how they evaluate the effectiveness of their learning through 8 Areas of Knowledge, and to explore the 9 Knowledge Issues to identify how they know what they have learned. Students also study the history of meta-cognitive development: Vygotsky’s Socio-cultural Development, Jean Piaget’s Universal Development Stages, Jerome Bruner’s Constructivist Theory of Discovery Learning, Howard Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory, and Bertrand Russell’s Existentialism. Through these competing and complementary theories, students identify: 

8 Ways of Knowing 8 Areas of Knowledge  
Language Ethics  
Reason History  
Emotion The Arts  
Faith Natural Sciences  
Intuition Human Sciences  
Imagination Religious Knowledge Systems  
Memory Indigenous Knowledge Systems  

In the final year, students choose one of ten topics set by the IB to prepare a 10-minute oral presentation for class and write a 1,500 word paper, submitted to the IB for marking, in which they critically reflect on the diverse ways of knowing, areas of knowledge, and linking questions that address the knowledge issues, engendered by the topic, finally considering the role this knowledge may have in our global society.